Crimes are defined as offences against the order in society according to criminal law. As far as common law jurisdiction, when crimes disturb the peace of the sovereign, a legal implication is involved. Offenders of peace of the sovereign will be prosecuted by the government officials who are the agents of the sovereign. The term plaintiff in practical terms of criminal law is translated as the monarch or people. Read more great facts, Click Here.
Criminal law has its major objectives as deterrence and punishment, while civil law is concentrated on individual compensation. The physical act or the actus reur or guilty act and the requisite mental state of which the act is done or mens rea or guilty mind, are the two distinct elements of a criminal offence. In a murder case for example, the actus reus is the unlawful killing of a person while it is the intention to kill or cause grievous injury as the mens rea. The criminal law specifies the punishment that will be put on the concern person, and it also would require the defendants to detail their defences so that their criminal responsibility will be lessen or negated. Criminal will not require a victim or a victim’s consent in order to prosecute the offender. Be aware that there is criminal prosecution over objections of the victim, and nor will the consent of the victim becomes a defence in crimes. Here’s a good post to read about Leverson Lawyer, check this out!
Both in the common and civil law traditions, there are two fields that the criminal law is divided. First is that the criminal procedure would regulate the process in order to address the violations of criminal law. Next is the substantive criminal law that would detail the definition of and punishments for in the different crimes.
Civil wrongs such as tort or breach of contract as type of crimes are distinguished under criminal law. While civil law has the objective of primarily directing relationships between groups and individuals and their obligations and rights under the law, criminal law is viewed as a system of regulating individuals and groups in relation to the whole society. It was not until the late nineteenth century that the legal systems in the past underwent a definition between civil and criminal law. The basic course in criminal law in most U.S. law schools is based upon the English common criminal law of 1750.
There are several types of criminal law and these are arrests and searches, drug crimes, juvenile law, drunk driving, parole, probation, pardons, violent crimes, white collar crimes and military law.
The other term for criminal law is penal law, a term used to refer to various rule bodies in distinct jurisdictions. You can click this link http://www.ehow.com/legal/criminal-law/criminal-law-basics/ for more great tips!